“Walisongo”means the nine saints”

They are Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Sunan Ampel, Sunan Giri, Sunan Bonang, Sunan Dradjad, Sunan Kalijaga, Sunan Kudus, Sunan Muria, and Sunan Gunung Jati. They do not live at the exact same time. But having linkages to each other closely, if not in blood ties as well as in teacher-student relationship Maulana Malik Ibrahim was the oldest. Sunan Ampel son Maulana Malik Ibrahim.Sunan Giri is the nephew of Maulana Malik Ibrahim, which means also a cousin of Sunan Ampel. Sunan Bonang and Sunan Drajad is the son of Sunan Ampel. Sunan Kalijaga is a friend and student of Sunan Bonang. Sunan Muria Sunan Kalijaga child.Holy Sunan Sunan Kalijaga students. Sunan Gunung Jati is a friend of the Sunan, except Maulana Malik Ibrahim who died earlier. They live on the north coast of Java from the early 15th century to mid 16th century, in three important areas. Namely Gresik-Surabaya-Lamongan in East Java, Demak-Kudus-Muria in Central Java and Cirebon in West Java. They are the intellectuals who became a reformer of society in his time. They introduce various new forms of civilization: from health, farming, commerce, culture and art, society until the government. Denta Ampel Islamic School and Giri are the two most important educational institutions in those days. From Giri, Islamic civilization evolved to the entire region east of the archipelago. Sunan Giri Sunan Gunung Jati and not just scholars, but also government leaders. Sunan Giri, Bonang, Kalijaga, and Holy is the creator of art whose influence is still felt today. Sunan Muria while the subaltern is a true companion. Walisongo era is the era of the end of the dominance of the Hindu-Buddhist culture in the archipelago to be replaced with Islamic culture. They are a symbol of the spread of Islam in Indonesia. Especially in Java. Of course many other figures who also play a role. But they are a very large role in establishing the Islamic kingdom in Java, also impact on society at large as well as cultural propaganda directly, making the "nine saints" is more widely known than others. Each character has a unique role in the spread of Islam. Starting from the Maulana Malik Ibrahim, who put himself as a "healer" for the Hindu kingdom of Majapahit, Sunan Giri, called the colonialists as the "pope of the East" until the Sunan Kalijaga who create works of art by using shades that can understand the nuance of Javanese-Hindu and Buddhist Maulana Malik Ibrahim (1) Maulana Malik Ibrahim, or Abraham Makdum As-Samarkandy estimated born in Samarkand, Central Asia, in the early half of the 14th century. Babad Tanah Jawi call Asmarakandi Meinsma version, follow the spoken tongue of the As-Samarkandy Java, turned into Asmarakandi Maulana Malik Ibrahim Sheikh sometimes also referred to as the Maghreb. Some people even call it Grandpa Pillow. He is brothers with Maulana Ishaq, renowned scholars Pasai Ocean, as well as the father of Sunan Giri (Raden Paku). Abraham and Isaac is the son of a Persian cleric named Maulana Jumadil Kubro, who settled in Samarkand. Maulana Jumadil Kubro believed to be descendants of the 10th of Syayidina Hussein, grandson of Prophet Muhammad PBUH. Maulana Malik Ibrahim had settled in Campa, now Cambodia, for thirteen years since 1379. He even married the daughter of the king, who gave him two sons. They are Raden Rahmat (known as the Sunan Ampel) and Sayid Ali Murtadha aka Raden Santri. Feeling pretty run missions in the country, the year 1392 AD Maulana Malik Ibrahim fled to the island of Java, leaving his family. Some versions state that accompanied his arrival a few people. Its target area that is the first time Sembalo village, an area that is still in the Majapahit empire. Village Sembalo now, is an area Leran Manyar district, 9 miles north of the city of Gresik. The first activity was doing when it is trading with a way to open shop. Cafes that provide basic needs at a low price. Also specifically Malik Ibrahim also makes itself available to treat people free of charge. As a physician, reportedly, he has been invited to treat the king's wife who came from the Campa. It is probable that the empress was still his wife's relatives. Grandfather Pillow also teach new ways of farming. He embraced the community under the reserved-caste in Hinduism. So sempurnalah first mission, namely to find a place in the hearts of people around that when it was hit by the economic crisis and civil war. Done build and arrange lodging place of religious learning in Leran, in 1419 AD Maulana Malik Ibrahim died. His shrine is now located at the village gate, Gresik, East Java Sunan Ampel (2) He was the eldest son of Maulana Malik Ibrahim. According to the Babad Tanah Jawi and Genealogy of the Holy Sunan, in his childhood he was known by the name of Raden Rahmat. He was born in Campa in 1401 AD. Ampel own name, identified with the name of the place where he long resided. In areas or Ampel Ampel Denta, the region is now a part of Surabaya (city Wonokromo now) Some versions state that Sunan Ampel entrance to the island of Java in 1443 AD with Sayid Ali Murtadho, his younger brother. Year 1440, prior to Java, they stop first in Palembang. After three years in Kilkenny, then he melabuh to the area of Gresik.Continuing to go to Majapahit to see his aunt, a princess of Campa, named Dwarawati, which dipersunting one Hindu Majapahit king Prabu Sri Kertawijaya title. Sunan Ampel was married to the daughter of a duke in Tuban. Of her marriage she was blessed with several sons and daughters. Among others who became his successor is Sunan Bonang and Sunan Drajat. When the Sultanate of Demak (25 kilometers south of the Holy city) want to set up, Sunan Ampel also gave birth to the birth of the first Islamic kingdom in Java. He also pointed to his students Raden Patah, son of King Brawijaya V king of Majapahit, to become the Sultan of Demak in 1475 AD In Ampel Denta swampy, areas awarded the King of Majapahit, the boarding school he built developed. At first he embraced the surrounding community. In the mid-15th century, boarding schools become centers of education that is very influential in the archipelago and even overseas. Among the santrinya is Sunan Giri and Raden Patah. The students are then disebarnya to preach to every corner of Java and Madura. Sunan Ampel embrace madhhabs Hanafi fiqh. However, in the santrinya, he just gives a simple instruction that emphasizes the growing belief and worship. He was the one who introduced the term "Mo Limo" (moh main, ngombe moh, moh thief, opium moh, moh Madon). That is a call for a "no gambling, no drinking, do not steal, do not use narcotics, and do not commit adultery." Sunan Ampel expected died in 1481 AD in Demak and was buried in the west of Masjid Ampel, SurabayaSunan Giri (3) He has a small name Raden Paku, alias Muhammad Ainul Yakin. Sunan Giri was born in Blambangan (now Banyuwangi) in 1442 AD There is also a call Jake Ocean.A name that is associated with childhood family had ever thrown by her mother-a princess named Dewi Sekardadu Blambangan into the sea. Raden Paku then picked up the child by Nyai Semboja (Babad Tanah Jawi Meinsma version). His father was Maulana Ishak. Maulana Malik Ibrahim siblings. Maulana Ishaq managed to Islamkan his wife, but failed to convert the in-laws. That is why he left the family of his wife traveled to the Ocean Pasai. Sunan Giri small misannya studying in boarding schools, Sunan Ampel, where Raden Patah also studied. He had traveled to Malacca and Pasai. Having had enough knowledge, he opened a boarding school in the hills Sidomukti Village, South Gresik.In the Java language, the hill is "giri". So he called Sunan Giri. Pesantren is not only used as a place of education in the strict sense, but also as a center for community development. King of Majapahit, supposedly for fear of Sunan Giri-sparked revolt gave him the flexibility to manage the government. And the boarding school and even then evolved into one of the centers of power called Giri Kedaton. As government leaders, Sunan Giri is also referred to as King Satmata. Giri Kedaton grown into an important political center in Java, at that time. When Raden Patah escape from Majapahit, Sunan Giri in fact acting as adviser and military commander of the Sultanate of Demak. This was recorded in the Babad Demak.Furthermore, Demak was not free from the influence of Sunan Giri. He is also recognized as a mufti, the highest religious leader, a Java land. Giri Kedaton last up to 200 years. One of his successor, Prince Singosari, known as the most persistent figures against collusion VOC and Amangkurat II at Century 18. The boarding students Giri also known as a staunch propagator of Islam to various islands, such as Bawean, Kangean, Madura, Haruku, Ternate, to Nusa Tenggara.Disseminator of Islam to South Sulawesi, Datuk Ribandang and two companions, was a student of Sunan Giri is derived from the Minangkabau. In religion, he is known for his vast knowledge in the science of jurisprudence. People also call it the Sultan Abdul Fakih. He also pecipta extraordinary works of art. Kids games like Jelungan, moldy, lir-ilir and cublak suweng referred to as the creation of Sunan Giri. Similarly Gending Pucung Asmaradana and Java-more nuanced, but the terms with the teachings Islam.n Sunan Bonang (4) He is son of Sunan Ampel, which means also the grandson Maulana Malik Ibrahim.His first name was Raden Makdum Ibrahim. Born estimated 1465 AD from a woman named Nyi Ageng Manila, the daughter of a duke in Tuban Holy Sunan many sit under Sunan Kalijaga. Then he traveled to various arid regions like Sragen in Central Java, Simo up to Gunung Kidul. Berdakwahnya any way replicate the approach of Sunan Kalijaga: very tolerant of the local culture. Even more subtle way of delivery. That's why the mayors are having trouble finding that the majority of preachers to the Holy-appointed community steadfast adherents. Sunan way people approached the Holy Ghost is to utilize the symbols of Hindu and Buddhist. It was seen from the Holy mosque architecture. Form of towers, gates and shower / ablution padasan representing eight Buddhist path. A form of compromise that made Sunan Kudus. One time, he was fishing community to go to the mosque to listen to his tabligh. For that, he deliberately tethered cow named Kebo Gumarang in the yard of the mosque.The people who glorify Hindu cow, into sympathy. Especially after they heard the explanation about the letter of the Holy Sunan Al-Baqarah which means "cow". Until now, most traditional societies Ghost, is still refusing to slaughter cows. Holy Sunan also compose stories ketauhidan. The story was drawn up in serial, so that the public interest to follow the rest. An approach that seems to adopt the 1001 night of the Abbasid Caliphate. With so Holy Sunan bind society. Not only preach like that who do Sunan Kudus. As his father, he was also the Commander of the War of the Sultanate of Demak. He fought at Demak, under the leadership of Sultan Prawata, fought against the Duke Jipang, Arya Penangsang.n Sunan Kalijaga (5) He was the "guardian" whose name is most widely called the Java community. He was born around 1450 AD. His father is Arya Wilatikta, Duke Tuban-descendants of the Majapahit rebel leaders, Ronggolawe. Time, Arya Wilatikta thought to have embraced Islam First name was Raden Said Sunan Kalijaga. He also has a number of nicknames such as Lokajaya, Sheikh Malaya, Prince Raden Abdurrahman.Terdapat Tuban or various versions regarding the origin of the name it bears Kalijaga. Cirebon Society believes that the name is derived from the hamlet Kalijaga in Cirebon. Sunan Kalijaga had indeed been living in Cirebon and close friends with Sunan Gunung Jati. Java circles associate with this guardian fondness for bathing ('kungkum') in the river (times) or "guard time". But there is a mention that the term derived from the Arabic "qadli dzaqa" which refers to its status as the "lords of the holy" empire. Sunan Kalijaga lifetime is estimated at more than 100 years. Thus he has the final authority of the Majapahit period (ending 1478), the Sultanate of Demak, Cirebon and Banten Sultanate, Kingdom Pajang even born in 1546 and the early presence of Mataram Kingdom under the leadership of Panembahan Senopati. He is also involved designing and construction of the Great Mosque Cirebon Demak Great Mosque. Pole "chips" (wood fragments), which is one of the main pillar is the creation of Sunan Kalijaga mosque. In preaching, he had a similar pattern with a mentor as well as his close friend, Sunan Bonang. Religious understanding tended to "Sufi-based salaf"-not the pantheistic Sufi (sole worship). He also chose the arts and culture as a means to preach. He was very tolerant of local culture. He argues that people will stay away if attacked establishment. So they must be approached in stages: to follow her influence. Sunan Kalijaga believes if Islam is understood, with its old habits disappear. So impressed syncretic teachings of Sunan Kalijaga in introducing Islam. She uses sculpture, puppets, gamelan music, and sound art mysticism as a means of proselytizing. He is the creator of Clothes piety, celebration sekatenan, Grebeg Maulud, Layang Kalimasada, puppet plays Petruk is the king. Downtown landscape of the Palace, the plaza with two banyan and the mosque is believed to be the work of Sunan Kalijaga. The method is very effective propaganda. Most of the duke in Java converted to Islam through the Sunan Kalijaga. Among them is the Duke of Padanaran, Kartasura, Kebumen, Banyumas, and Display (now Kotagede - GB). Sunan Kalijaga buried in Kadilangu-south Demak.n Sunan Gunung Jati (6) Many absurd stories are associated with Sunan Gunung Jati. Among them was that he had never experienced such a spiritual journey of Isra 'Mi'raj, then met the Prophet Muhammad, met the Prophet Khidr, and accept the will of Prophet Sulaiman. (Babad Cirebon Manuscript klayan hal.xxii). All of that is only hinted at the time the public admiration of Sunan Gunung Jati. Sunan Gunung Jati or Syarif Hidayatullah was born approximately in 1448 estimated M. His mother is Nyai Rara Jones, daughter of the king Pajajaran Raden Rarasa Manah.While his father was the Sultan Sharif Abdullah Maulana Huda, magnifying the descendants of Bani Hashim Egypt from Palestine. Sharif Hidayatullah explore the science of religion since he was 14 years of Egyptian scholars. He had traveled to many countries. Following the establishment of the Sultanate of Demak Bintoro, and upon approval of the other scholars, he founded the Sultanate of Cirebon is also known as the Sultanate Pakungwati. Thus, Sunan Gunung Jati is the only "guardian songo" who lead the government.Sunan Gunung Jati use its influence as the son of King Pajajaran to spread Islam from Cirebon coastal or inland Pasundan Priangan. In the sermon, he adheres to the tendency of the Middle East that straightforward. But he also approached people by building the infrastructure of roads that connect between regions. Together with his son, Maulana Hasanuddin, Sunan Gunung Jati is also an expedition to Banten. Local authorities, the General shoots, voluntary surrender control of the area of Banten, which later became the forerunners of the Sultanate of Banten. At the age of 89 years, Sunan Gunung Jati resigned his position to pursue only propaganda. Power was delivered to Prince Pasarean. In 1568 AD, Sunan Gunung Jati's death at the age of 120 years, in Cirebon (formerly Carbon). He is buried in the area of Mount Sembung, Mountain Teak, about 15 kilometers before the town of Cirebon from the direction barat.n Sunan Drajat (7) His first name Raden Qosim. He is son of Sunan Ampel. Thus he is brothers with Sunan Bonang. It is estimated that the title Sunan Drajat Syaifuddin Raden was born in the year 1470 AD Sunan Drajat first got the assignment from his father to preach to the coast in Gresik, by sea. He was then stranded in Hamlet Jelog Banjarwati or Lamongan-coastal now. But next year Sunan Drajat move 1 kilometer to the south and established a hermitage students Duwur Dalem, which is now called the Village Drajat, Paciran-Lamongan. In the teaching of monotheism and faith, Sunan Drajat take his father's ways: directly and not much closer to local culture. However, their delivery means adapting the way art is done Sunan Muria. Especially the art of mysticism. So he composed a number of seclusion, among them the seclusion adage "give stick to the blind / feed the hungry / put clothes on the naked '. Sunan Drajat also known as an earthy who likes to help. In the cottage pesantren, he maintains many children orphaned and destitute miskin.n 
Sunan kudus(8) His first name Jaffar Sadiq. He is the son of the couple and Syarifah Ngudung Sunan (Sunan Bonang's sister), son Nyi Ageng Maloka. It is said that Sunan Ngudung is one of the sons of Sultan in Egypt who traveled to Java. In the Sultanate of Demak, he was appointed the Commander of War Sunan kudus many sit under Sunan Kalijaga. Then he traveled to various arid regions like Sragen in Central Java, Simo up to Gunung Kidul. Berdakwahnya any way replicate the approach of Sunan Kalijaga: very tolerant of the local culture. Even more subtle way of delivery. That's why the mayors are having trouble finding that the majority of preachers to the Holy-appointed community steadfast adherents. Sunan way people approached the Holy Ghost is to utilize the symbols of Hindu and Buddhist. It was seen from the Holy mosque architecture. Form of towers, gates and shower / ablution padasan representing eight Buddhist path. A form of compromise that made Sunan Kudus. One time, he was fishing community to go to the mosque to listen to his tabligh. For that, he deliberately tethered cow named Kebo Gumarang in the yard of the mosque.The people who glorify Hindu cow, into sympathy. Especially after they heard the explanation of the Holy Sunan of surah Al Baqarah which means "cow". Until now, most traditional societies Ghost, is still refusing to slaughter cows. Sunan kudus also compose stories ketauhidan. The story was drawn up in serial, so that the public interest to follow the rest. An approach that seems to adopt the 1001 night of the Abbasid Caliphate. With so Sunan kudus bind society. Not only preach like that who do Sunan Kudus. As his father, he was also the Commander of the War of the Sultanate of Demak. He fought at Demak, under the leadership of Sultan Prawata, fought against the Duke Jipang, Arya PenangsangSunan Muria (9) He is the son of Goddess Saroh-well younger brother of Sunan Giri Maulana Sheikh son Isaac, with Sunan Kalijaga. His first name was Raden Prawoto. Muria name taken from his last residence on the slopes of Mount Muria, 18 kilometers north of the Holy city Style berdakwahnya lot to take way her father, Sunan Kalijaga. But unlike his father, Sunan Muria preferred to live in very remote areas and away from the city center to spread the religion of Islam. Mingling with the masses, while teaching the skills of planting, trade and the sea is his favorite. Sunan Muria is often used also as a mediator in the internal conflict in the Sultanate of Demak (1518-1530), he is known as a person capable of solving various problems no matter how complicated the problem. The solution was always solution acceptable to all warring parties. Sunan Muria preach from Jepara, Tayu, Juana until about Ghost and Pati. One result is preaching through art songs and Kinanti sinom. 

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