HIV AIDS



AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a set of symptoms that arise due to reduced immunity. AIDS caused by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) in the body, the HIV virus live in the four body fluids which are:

  • Blood fluid 
  • Semen 
  • Vaginal fluid 
  • Breast milk 

AIDS is very dangerous, because there is no cure, no vaccine that can prevent, people living with the virus become carriers and can transmit the disease all his life though do not feel sick and look healthy, expensive medical costs, lower quality of human resources and labor productivity so as to disrupt the economy countries.
Differences were HIV positive with AIDS patients are: HIV-positive patient is a man who had been infected with the HIV virus, can transmit the disease even though apparently healthy and showed no symptoms of any illness. AIDS is a man who showed signs of a set of symptoms that require treatment, after a specified period of HIV infection. travel time from a patient infected with HIV to develop AIDS may last long, between 5 to 10 years.
Transmission:

Through the blood fluid
Melelui transfusion of blood / blood products contaminated with HIV through the use of hypodermic needles that have been terjemar HIV, which are used interchangeably without sterilized, for example, use of hypodermic needles among injection drug users through the use of hypodermic needles yng repeatedly in other activities, such as drug injection, immunization, the use of plugs that penetrate the skin, such as a piercing, tattoos, and facial equipment facial.

Through semen and vaginal fluids
Through penetrative sex 9penis into the vagina or anus), without using a condom, allowing the semen mixed with vaginal fluid (for vaginal intercourse); or semen mixed with blood, which may occur in anal intercourse.

Through breast milk
This Pnularan diungkinkan from a pregnant mother who is HIV positive trend, and gave birth vaginally, then feed their babies breast milk. The possibility of transmission from mother to infant (Mother-to-child transmission), this ranged up to 30%, meaning that of every 10 pregnancies of HIV-positive mothers the possibility of three children born to HIV-positive.
The HIV virus is not transmitted in the following manner:

Ø social hugging, shaking hands.
Ø The use of toilet, sink or bath together.
Ø In the pool.
Ø Mosquito bites or other insects.
Ø Discard the snot, coughing or meluah.
Ø The use of plates, cutlery and utensils together.
Prevention of transmission

Ø Avoidance of sexual intercourse outside marriage.
Ø The use of condoms to those who have HIV positive partners.
Ø Using needles and other puncture tool sterilisasinya guaranteed.
Ø Screening on all bags of blood donors.
Ø Women with non-pregnant HIV-positive.
Ø kelompo condoms to high risk.
Is blood transfusion safe from transmission of the HIV virus? The government is currently carrying out tests on each blood reserves to determine existence of the HIV virus. For people with high-risk behavior for HIV infection, you should never donate blood. For blood donors, do not worry about being infected, because the tools used was consecrated yan-hamakan or just disposable.

Signs of HIV-infected persons Actually there are no specific signs of bias menendai whether someone has contracted HIV, because of the presence of the HIV virus itself takes a long time (5 to 10 tahunhingga reach the so-called fullblown AIDS). The presence of HIV in the blood can occur without a person showing symptoms of certain diseases and is called the HIV-positive. When a person infected with HIV for the first time and then checked out by a blood test, then the first test are not necessarily detectable presence of HIV virus in the blood. This is because our body takes about 3-6 months to form antibodies that will be detected by blood tests, the period is called the window period (window period). In this period, bil person turned out to already have the HIV virus in his body (although not bias detected through blood tests), he was able to transmit HIV through behaviors that have already been mentioned above earlier.
In general, the main signs that look at someone who has reached the stage of AIDS are:

Ø Weight loss of more than 10% in a short time.
Ø prolonged high fever (more than one month).
Ø Diarrhea prolonged (more than one month). Meanwhile additional symptoms brupa:

Ø prolonged cough (more than one month).
Ø Disorders coolies and irritation (itching).
Ø Ineksi fungus on the mouth and esophagus.
Ø Swollen lymph nodes throughout the body, such as below the ear, neck, armpits and groin. Is there a blood test to determine HIV infection? HIV-positive can be known through blood tests. Sometimes a negative examination result although he had been infected and can transmit the disease. This can happen if the inspection is done at an early stage HIV infection (the first 3 months).
How to protect yourself from HIV infection?

Ø Not having sex before marriage.
Ø Once married, faithful to your partner.
Ø Use a condom if your partner is HIV positive.
Ø Do not have sex with a potentially HIV-positive people, such as sex workers.
Ø Do not be involved narcotics and the use of hypodermic needles together

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